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In many European countries, deinstitutionalisation has been an ongoing process over the last few decades. Mental health organisations were transformed to provide support in a more integrated and comprehensive manner, preferably in their own homes in the community. Yet, despite the welcome aspiration of community integration for all, people with complex mental health problems (also termed severe mental illness) have continued to require high levels of support, in inpatient settings and in the community. This group's needs make them highly dependent on their caregivers. The attitudes, knowledge and skills of the staff providing treatment and support is crucial to their recovery. Rehabilitation programmes provide a much-needed framework to guide practitioners and help them organise and focus their recovery-oriented approach. In this editorial, we will provide a non-exhaustive overview of such rehabilitation programmes and interventions to illuminate the wide scope and practical usability of these interventions for this group of people with complex mental health problems.
We present the first results of a monitoring campaign of the high-mass X-ray binary system 4U 1700-37/HD 153919, carried out with XMM-Newton.
We have observed the high-mass X-ray binary (HMXB) 4U 1700-37 with XMM-Newton at four orbital phases in February 2001. 4U 1700-37 is powered by the dense stellar wind of the O supergiant HD 153919. Numerous X-ray flares are observed with a typical duration, of the order of half an hour. We focus on three intervals in which the data are not affected by pile up: the eclipse, the eclipse egress and a low-flux part around orbital phase ϕ ~ 0.28.
Like many party systems across Western Europe, the Dutch party system has been in flux since 2002 as a result of a series of related developments, including the decline of mainstream parties which coincided with the emergence of radical right-wing populist parties and the concurrent dimensional transformation of the political space. This article analyses how these challenges to mainstream parties fundamentally affected the structure of party competition. On the basis of content analysis of party programmes, we examine the changing configuration of the Dutch party space since 2002 and investigate the impact of these changes on coalition-formation patterns. We conclude that the Dutch party system has become increasingly unstable. It has gradually lost its core through electoral fragmentation and mainstream parties’ positional shifts. The disappearance of a core party that dominates the coalition-formation process initially transformed the direction of party competition from centripetal to centrifugal. However, since 2012 a theoretically novel configuration has emerged in which no party or coherent group of parties dominates competition.
High-mass X-ray binaries (HMXBs) represent an important phase in the evolution of massive binary systems and provide fundamental information on the properties of the OB-star primaries and their compact secondaries (neutron star, black hole). Recent observations indicate that the neutron stars in some of these systems (Vela X-1, 4U 1700-37) are more massive than the canonical mass of 1.35 M⊙. These observations have important consequences for the equation of state at supranuclear densities and the formation mechanism(s) of neutron stars and black holes: supernovae and gamma-ray bursts. As a consequence of the supernova explosion that produced the compact star in these systems, HMXBs have high space velocities and thus are runaways. Alternatively, OB-runaway stars can be ejected from a cluster through dynamical interactions. Observations obtained with the Hipparcos satellite indicate that both scenarios are at work.
Adult male rabbits were fed on semi-purified diets containing soya-bean protein isolate, casein or formaldehyde-treated casein as the protein source and 1 g cholesterol and 5 g of the non-absorbable marker chromic oxide/kg diet. The concentration of cholesterol in serum and in liver was increased on both the casein and formaldehyde-treated-casein diets. Excretion of bile acids and their concentration in faeces were lower in rabbits fed on casein or formaldehyde-treated casein when compared with rabbits fed on soya-bean protein. Apparent digestibility of nitrogen was lowest when formaldehyde-treated casein was fed, and highest on the casein diet. In rabbits fed on casein treated with formaldehyde, higher proportions of N were found in the water-soluble and trichloroacetic acid-insoluble protein fractions of the gastrointestinal tract contents compared with rabbits on the other two diets. Absorption of phosphate from the gastrointestinal tract was higher in rabbits fed on casein than in rabbits fed on soya-bean protein or formaldehyde-treated casein. The results indicate that, in rabbits, protein digestibility may not be an important determinant of serum cholesterol.
Two species of Gracilaria, G. foliifera (Forsk.) Børg. and G. verrucosa (Huds.) Papenf., have been recorded from the Maritime provinces of Canada (South & Cardinal, 1970), although in recent years only G. foliifera var. foliifera is listed (South, 1976). These species are also known from the British Isles (Parke & Dixon, 1976). Chromosome counts of G. foliifera (Greig-Smith, 1954: as G. multipartita) and of G. verrucosa (Magne, 1964) from the European flora suggest these are distinct species.
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