Objective-prism spectral surveys open the possibility to search for faint emission-line objects with the aim to complete their statistics and to pick out most interesting individual objects for further study. In the years 1964 - 1970 the Hamburg Hα Spectral Survey of the Northern Milky Way was accomplished using the Schmidt camera (80/120 cm, f= 240 cm) in Bergedorf with the following parameters: area 1 32° - 214°, -10°<b<+10°, 160 fields. Kodak 103aE + RG1, exp. 60min, widen. 10", 4° prism (580 Å/mm at Hγ ). As a main result the list of about 140 faint objects classified as planetary nebulae or possible planetary nebulae (Kohoutek,1965, 1969a,1972), and the identification of about 1500 new stars having Hα in emission (Kohoutek, Wehmeyer, in preparation) can be reported. The best known examples of this survey are K 3-50, a prototype of a compact H II region, and the symbiotic variable HBV 475 = V 1329 Cyg (Kohoutek, 1969b), which is also classified as a protoplanetary nebula.