From all the transient events identified in interplanetary space by in-situ measurements, Magnetic Clouds (MCs) are among the most intriguing ones. They are a special kind of Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections (ICMEs), characterized by a well-defined magnetic field configuration. We use a list of 40 MCs detected by Ulysses to study bidirectional flows of protons in the $\sim$0.5 MeV energy range. Solar wind ions are also analysed in order to compare cloud to non-cloud ICMEs.
The enhancement in freezing-in temperatures inside the clouds, obtained with data from the SWICS instrument, provides insights into processes occurring early during the ejection of the material and represents a complementary tool to differentiate cloud from non-cloud ICMEs. At higher energies, directional information for protons obtained with the EPAC instrument allows a comparison with previous results concerning bidirectional suprathermal electrons. The findings are qualitatively comparable. Apparently, the portion of bidirectional flows inside magnetic clouds is neither heavily dependent on distance from the Sun nor on parameters obtained from a flux rope model.To search for other articles by the author(s) go to: http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html