Low temperature processing will be an essential requirement for the device sizes, structures, and materials being considered for future integrated circuit applications. In particular, low temperature silicon epitaxy will be required for new devices and technologies utilizing three-dimensional epitaxial structures and silicon-based heterostructures. A novel technique, Remote Plasma-enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (RPCVD), has achieved epitaxial silicon films at a temperature as low as 150°C which is believed to be the lowest temperature to date for silicon epitaxy. The process relies on a stringent ex-situ preparation procedure, a controlled wafer loading sequence, and an in-situ remote hydrogen plasma clean of the sample surface, all of which provide a surface free of carbon, oxygen, and other contaminants. The system is constructed using ultra-high vacuum technology (10-10 Torr) to achieve and maintain contaminantion-free surfaces and films. Plasma excitation of argon is used in lieu of thermal energy to provide energetic species that dissociate silane and affect surface chemical processes. Excellent crystallinity is observed from the thin films grown at 150°C using the analytical techniques of Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Nomarski interference contrast microscopy after defect etching.