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To investigate the role of Langerhans cells in the pathogenesis and clinical picture of middle-ear cholesteatoma.
Subjects and methods:
The study included 40 patients operated upon for a diagnosis of chronic otitis due to acquired cholesteatoma.
Results and analysis:
A closed surgical technique was used in 20 per cent of patients and an open technique in 80 per cent. Langerhans cells were more densely accumulated in cholesteatoma epithelium, compared with external ear canal skin (p < 0.001). Staining for Ki-67 protein was greater in cholesteatoma epithelium (p < 0.001) and Apo2.7 protein staining (indicating apoptosis) was more prominent (p < 0.001), compared with ear canal skin. Regarding significant relationships between clinical and pathological findings, staining for Ki-67 (p = 0.046) and Apo2.7 (p = 0.037) was more prominent in patients undergoing open versus closed surgery.
Using cell proliferation and apoptosis markers, a dense Langerhans cell infiltration was found to occur as a host response to middle-ear cholesteatoma.
Proteases of the disintegrin and metalloproteinase family (also known as ADAM proteins) are involved in various physiological and pathological processes. This study assessed the expression of disintegrin and metalloproteinase family proteins 10, 12 and 17 in cholesteatoma.
Materials and methods:
The study evaluated cholesteatoma specimens from 19 patients, and external ear canal skin samples from 7 of the same patients (as controls), for the expression of disintegrin and metalloproteinase family proteins 10, 12 and 17, using immunohistochemical methods.
Results and analysis:
The study observed over-expression of proteins 10 and 17 in blood vessels, and over-expression of proteins 12 and 17 in cholesteatoma stroma. Immunostaining scores for proteins 10, 12 and 17 in epithelial and inflammatory cells from cholesteatoma specimens versus control specimens showed no statistically significant differences.
Over-expression of disintegrin and metalloproteinase family proteins 10, 12 and 17 in cholesteatoma may be related to cholesteatoma pathogenesis. These proteins deserve further study as they may represent potential targets for cholesteatoma treatment.
To evaluate quality of life after surgery for benign neoplastic disease of the parotid gland.
Patients and methods:
A quality of life questionnaire, which was created from the Hebrew version of the University of Washington Quality of Life prototype, was applied to 55 patients who underwent surgery for benign neoplastic parotid disease. All patients were examined in Baskent University Adana Teaching and Medical Research Center, where all except 10 subjects (who responded by phone) completed the quality of life questionnaire.
The highest overall score was 96.3 indicating no salivary fistula. Only one patient complained of salivary secretion through the wound scar. The lowest overall score was 59.5 indicating loss of sensation. Although no post-surgical pain was reported by 32 (58 per cent) patients, 16 (29 per cent) patients reported a post-surgical change in their appearance. Scarring and surgical site depression were reported by 26 (47 per cent) and 17 patients (30 per cent), respectively. Facial nerve impairment was reported by seven patients (13 per cent) during the early post-operative period; these patients recovered from that impairment. The only significant statistical correlations were noted between general health and gender, and between post-surgical pain and gender. There was not any statistical correlation between all data and age, tumour type and education level.
The general status of patients who have undergone surgery for a benign parotid neoplasm can be assessed with a quality of life questionnaire. Patients' post-surgical quality of life can be improved by the correct choice of surgical approach and reconstructive method.
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