We prepared a photo-polymerizable compound of Au nanorods and methyl methacrylate (MMA). An irradiation of ultraviolet (UV) light onto the compound induces photo-polymerization of MMA, resulting in a formation of an Au nanorods/PMMA composite. Au nanorods were synthesized by seed-mediated growth method in aqueous solution. Hydrophobically functionalized Au nanorods were dispersed into MMA with a small amount of photosensitizer and initiator. We investigated the stability and the uniformity of the dispersion of Au nanorods during the photo-polymerization process through VIS-NIR absorption spectroscopy. We also demonstrated the use of the compound for two-photon micro/nanolithography.