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Dzierżanowskite, , a thiocuprate, was found in larnite pseudoconglomerate rocks of the Hatrurim Complex at Jabel Harmun, Palestinian Autonomy, Israel. Dzierżanowskite occurs in larnite pebbles, which are embedded in a low-temperature mineral matrix. Associated minerals are larnite, brownmillerite, fluorellestadite, ye'elimite, gehlenite, periclase, ternesite, nabimusaite, vorlanite, vapnikite, fluormayenite, fluorkyuygenite, oldhamite, jasmundite, covellite, chalcocite and pyrrhotite. Electron microprobe analyses yield an average composition of Cu 55.25, Fe 0.13, S 27.46 and Ca 16.99, total 99.83 wt.%. The empirical formula of dzierżanowskite, based on 5 atoms, is Ca0.98Cu2.02Fe0.01S1.99. Dzierżanowskite forms grains up to 15 μm in size or rims on oldhamite and laminar intergrowths with chalcocite and covellite. Dzierżanowskite is dark orange, has a cream streak and a submetallic lustre. In reflected light it is grey, with a cream tint and characteristic yellow-orange internal reflections. The calculated density of dzierżanowskite is 4.391 g cm -3. Three bands at 300, 103 and 86 cm -1 are observed in the Raman spectrum. The strongest lines of the calculated powder diffraction pattern are [d, Å (I) hkl]: 2.358(100) 102, 1.970(93)110, 3.023(78) 011, 6.523(36) 001, 3.412 (28) 100, 1.834(28) 103. Dzierżanowskite was also found in unusual jasmundite rocks, forming small ‘paleofumaroles’ within areas of low-temperature hydrothermal rocks bearing larnite pseudoconglomerates at Jabel Harmun. Dzierżanowskite is a superimposed phase of the high-temperature alteration of pyrometamorphic rocks subjected to by-products (melts/fluids and gases) of pyrometamorphism originating in the deeper levels of combustion.
Two new barium-bearing minerals: gurimite, Ba3(VO4)2 (IMA2013-032) and hexacelsian, BaAl2Si2O8 (IMA2015-045) were discovered in veins of paralava cutting gehlenite-flamite hornfels located in the Gurim Anticline in the Negev Desert, Israel. Gurimite and hexacelsian occur in oval polymineralic inclusions in paralava and are associated with gehlenite, pseudowollastonite or wollastonite, rankinite, flamite, larnite, schorlomite, andradite, fluorapatite, fluorellestadite, kalsilite, cuspidine, aradite, zadovite and khesinite. Gurimite and hexacelsian form elongate crystals <10 μm thick. The minerals are colourless and transparent with a white streak and vitreous lustre, and have (0001) cleavage, respectively good in gurimite and very good in hexacelsian. Fracture is irregular. Density calculated using empirical formulas gave 5.044 g cm–3 for gurimite and 3.305 g cm–3 for hexacelsian. Mean refractive indexes, 1.945 and 1.561, respectively, were also calculated using the empirical formulas and the Gladstone-Dale relationship. The minerals are uniaxial and nonpleochroic. The following empirical crystal chemical formulae were assigned to holotype gurimite: (Ba2.794K0.092Ca0.084Na0.033Sr0.017)∑3.020(V1.8275+S0.0916+P0.0515+Al0.040Si0.005Fe0.0053+)∑2.017O8,and holotype hexacelsian: (Ba0.911K0.059Ca0.042Na0.010)∑1.022Al1.891Fe0.0723+Si2.034O8. The Raman spectrum of hexacelsian is similar to the one of the synthetic disordered β-BaAl2Si2O8. The Raman spectrum of gurimite is identical to that of synthetic Ba3(VO4)2. The electron back-scattered diffraction (EBSD) pattern of gurimite was fitted to the structure of its synthetic analogue with the cell parameters of R3m, a = 5.784(1),c = 21.132(1) Å, V = 612.2(2) Å3, Z = 3, giving a mean angular deviation = 0.43° (good fit). The Raman spectra of hexacelsian and its EBSD pattern suggest that natural hexacelsian corresponds to disordered synthetic β-hexacelsian P63/mcm, a = 5.2920(4) Å, c = 15.557(2) Å, α = β = 90°, γ = 120°. We suggest that after relatively fast crystallization of the main constituents of the paralava, gurimite, hexacelsian and also other Ba-bearing phases crystallized from residual melt enriched in incompatible elements that filled interstices between crystals of the main constituents.
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