To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
On the assumption that the diameter of the reference vessel might determine the thickness of neointimal coverage of stents placed in the pulmonary arteries, we analyzed the angiograms of 28 lesions in 17 patients who underwent follow-up cardiac catheterization. Excluding 2 lesions where late stenosis was determined mainly by recoil of greater than 30%, we investigated the neointimal thickness of 26 lesions in 16 patients. Several factors that might contribute to late re-stenosis were also analyzed. Age and body weight at implantation ranged from 0.8 to 20 years, with a median of 6 years, and from 6.8 to 77.5 kg, with a median of 17.6 kg. Follow-up interval was from 6 to 15 months, with a median of 6 months.
There was a significant increase in diameter, as well as a reduction in pressure gradient, immediately after the implantation of stents. Although there was no significant difference between the achieved diameter and the diameter of the stent at follow-up, the diameter of the lesion at follow-up was significantly smaller than the diameter achieved by stenting. The increase in the pressure gradient at follow-up was slightly greater in 4 lesions where the late reduction in diameter was greater than 30% than in the 18 lesions where this was less than 30% (p = 0.05). The diameter of the reference vessel, and the diameter by stenting correlated with the late reduction in diameter. All lesions with diameter reduced greater than 30% had a reference diameter of less than 6.1 mm, and a diameter achieved by stenting of less than 6.5 mm. Late loss in luminal diameter directly correlated with the thickness of the neointimal coverage. In conclusion, close observation should be mandatory following implantation of stents in small pulmonary arteries.
We implanted either large or medium Palmaz stents, or a Palmaz Corinthian stent, in various stenotic vessels, such as the pulmonary arteries, pulmonary veins, aorta, or superior caval vein. Using angiograms, we measured the diameter of the stenotic vessel before or after the implantation, the minimal diameter of the lumen, the minimal diameter of the largest fully expanded balloon used to expand the stent, and the diameter immediately after withdrawal of the balloon.
The minimal diameter of the fully expanded balloon, and the minimal diameter of the lumen subsequent to expansion, were 8.2 ± 2.4, and 7.7 ± 2.3 mm, giving an absolute recoil of 0.5 ± 0.4 mm, and a proportional recoil of 7 ± 4%. There was no significant difference in either the absolute or proportional recoil for any of the stents, or for any of the different stenotic vessels. The proportional recoil correlated linearly with the minimal diameter of the lumen prior to the procedure, and with the ratio of the stenosis to the balloon, while the diameter of the stenotic vessels, the minimal diameter of the largest fully expanded balloon, the proportional stenosis prior to the procedure, and the ratio of the balloon to the diameter of the stenotic vessel, had no significant correlation with proportional recoil. The proportional recoil exceeded more than one-tenth when the minimal diameter of the lumen prior to the dilation was less than 3 mm, or the ratio of the balloon to the stenosis was greater than 3.0.
An absolute recoil of around 1 mm is common when a large or medium Palmaz, or a Palmaz Corinthian stent, is implanted in great vessels. Balloons with a diameter of approximately one-tenth greater than that of the adjacent vessel may be needed if the minimal diameter of the lumen is small prior to the procedure.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.