Objectives: To assess the smoking cessation counselling practices of family physicians in Jordan and assess their perception about the availability of smoking cessation resources and about the barriers to effective smoking cessation practices. Methods: A pre-structured questionnaire was distributed to 124 family physicians practicing in teaching and Ministry of Health medical centres in Jordan. All participants were asked about their smoking cessation practices and about the barriers to effective smoking cessation practices. Results: Only 39.8% reported that they assess the willingness of the patients to quit smoking and 28.2% reported that they discuss counselling options with smokers. Considerably fewer percentages of physicians reported that they prepare their patients for withdrawal symptoms (11.6%), discuss pharmacotherapies (4.9%), describe a nicotine patch (5.0%), and provide patients with self-help materials (6.7%). The two factors cited most often by physicians as significant barriers to smoking cessation counselling were lack or too few available cessation programmes (90.3%) and limited training for physicians on tobacco and cessation interventions (90.3%). Conclusion: While a high proportion of Jordanian family physicians reported that they usually ask patients about smoking status and advise them to stop smoking, they do not regularly provide extensive assistance to help their patients to quit smoking. Lack or too few available cessation programmes and limited training for physicians on smoking cessation interventions were identified as the two major barriers to effective smoking cessation counselling.