Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a common entity in children, most present with sleep disturbances such as snoring, choking during sleep, enuresis, restless sleep, or apnoeic spells. Other symptoms include poor school performance, hyperactivity, failure to thrive,heart failure and cor pulmonale. Most authors would concur that the polysomnogram (PSG) is the gold standard for the diagnosis of OSA, and that adenotonsillectomy is the surgical procedure of choice, with high curative rates and relatively low morbidity. Close post-operative monitoring of all children with OSA cannot be over-emphasized. The focus has been, traditionally, to anticipate post-operative airway and respiratory complications in this group of children. We present 73 children with clinical OSA and 36 children with proven OSA on PSG, with only one child having respiratory complications (mixed apnoea), and all with uneventful recovery. In view of ourlow complication rates, low post-operative morbidity, cost and facility factor, the need for a mandatory overnight PSG pre-operatively is questioned, and clinical criteria for performing a PSG preoperatively are suggested.