We report the room and low temperature crystal structures of the unsubstituted pquinquephenyl (PQP) and p-sexiphenyl (PSP), and substituted 22,45 -diphenyl-pquinquephenyl (DPQP), 22,65-diphenyl-p-septiphenyl (DPSP), and 1,2,4-triphenylbenzene (TPB) polyparaphenylene oligomers. The unsubstituted oligomers exhibit a solid state transition when cooled from room temperature to 110K, as indicated by a change in crystallographic space group. No transition is observed for the substituted oligomers other than the usual thermal contraction of the unit cell. The transition observed for the unsubstituted oligomers is interpreted in terms of a conformational change from an “averaged” planar structure to a static non-planar one. Comparisons of room temperature and low temperature crystal data are presented.