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The impact of anxiety disorders has not been well delineated in prospective studies of bipolar disorder.
To examine the association between anxiety and course of bipolar disorder, as defined by mood episodes, quality of life and role functioning.
A thousand out-patients with bipolar disorder were followed prospectively for 1 year.
A current comorbid anxiety disorder (present in 31.9% of participants) was associated with fewer days well, a lower likelihood of timely recovery from depression, risk of earlier relapse, lower quality of life and diminished role function over 1 year of prospective study. The negative impact was greater with multiple anxiety disorders.
Anxiety disorders, including those present during relative euthymia, predicted a poorer bipolar course. The detrimental effects of anxiety were not simply a feature of mood state. Treatment studies targeting anxiety disorders will help to clarify the nature of the impact of anxiety on bipolar course.
This study examined factors influencing the prognosis of patients with different prodromal manifestations of schizophrenia and the association of diagnosis and antipsychotic treatment with the frequency of future acute inpatient care.
Data was collected from the medical records of 24 patients initially diagnosed with schizophrenia.
Seventy-six percent of the patients (N=18) had at least one psychiatric assessment before the debut of schizophrenia. Patients who were assessed prior to the initial diagnosis of schizophrenia presented in two distinct time frames. Patients in the first wave received a different Axis I diagnosis, depending on the phase of prodrome upon time of initial evaluation. Receiving any Axis I diagnosis during the prodromal stage in wave one correlated with an increased need for acute inpatient treatment (P<.0001) in the following 3 years. Among the patients in wave two, those who received antipsychotic treatment required less acute inpatient care than those who did not (P=.004).
Obtaining a psychiatric history of assessments and interventions during the prodromal period of schizophrenia can be useful for prognosis.
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