Geophysical measurements can, depending on the techniques employed, be used at low-level nuclear waste disposal sites to map the subsurface stratigraphy, identify interfaces, locate objects and targets, and aid in selecting locations for obtaining sample cores and placing monitoring wells. The geophysical techniques of ground penetrating radar and electrical resistivity have been applied in a complementary manner at nuclear waste disposal sites. The data obtained from the field surveys have been integrated in developing geophysical models of these sites.
A two-layer electromagnetic geologic model has been developed that allows the prediction of radar attenuation and depth of penetration. Field tests conducted at a lowlevel nuclear waste disposal site show values consistent with the model.