A new approach to the synthesis of a novel silicon-containing polyester by noncarbothermal method directly from SiO2 was studied. At first, a high reactive pentacoordinate organic silicon compound (KSi(OCH2CH2O)2(OCH2CH2OH)) was prepared by the reaction of the fumed silica with ethylene glycol (EG) and KOH. Then, a novel double hydroxy tetracoordinate silicon monomer (OCH2CH2O)Si(OCH2CH2OH)(OCH2CH2OCH2CH2OH) was synthesized by the reaction of ClCH2CH2OH with reactive pentacoordinate silicon compound. Finally, a silicon-containing polyester was synthesized by low temperature solution condensation between tetracoordinate silicon compound and p-phthaloyl chloride in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). The product was characterized by FTIR, TG, GPC, etc. The IR spectra of polyester exhibited a characteristic strong absorption band for ester carbonyl in the 1722.2cm-1. IR spectra also showed absorption at 1124.6cm-1 due to the O-Si-O group. TG analysis showed its good thermal stability. GPC analysis showed that the number average molecular weight of this siliconcontaining polyester was about ninety thousand.