Sperm motility in amphibians is thought to be initiated by a decrease in environmental osmolarity. However, fertilisation in the newt, Cynops pyrrhogaster, is achieved in an environment without osmotic change. We show here that sperm motility initiating activity is present in jelly layer extract (JE). JE was gel-filtrated and a single peak with sperm motility initiating activity was detected in the fraction corresponding to about 50 kDa. The activity was strengthened by heat treatment of JE at 100 °C for 30 min. This suggests that JE includes the inactive form of sperm motility inducing substance (SMIS) in addition to active substance. Thus JE was fractionated before and after the heat treatment. When JE was fractionated first and then each fraction was heated, the activity was detected in the fraction both above 500 kDa and below 500 kDa. When heat-treated JE was fractionated, the activity was detected only in the fraction below 500 kDa. These results suggest that JE includes the inactive form of SMIS of more than 500 kDa in molecular weight. A regulatory mechanism for the initiation of sperm motility in C. pyrrhogaster is proposed according to the results of the present study.