To study crystal shapes, and formation and growth mechanisms of snow crystals formed below -20 °C, a new type of diffusion chamber was constructed. Using this chamber, different kinds of “peculiar shaped” crystals previously observed in nature have been produced, together with normal types of snow crystals. Gohei twins, one of the most typical polycrystalline shapes in nature, have been produced artificially. The vapor pressure was at or near water saturation at the time of nucleation. Analysis of photomicrographs and replicas of Gohei twins that were replicated in the polar regions show that the number frequency of the tip angle has a maximum frequency at about 77° and a minor one at about 54°.
On the basis of these results, a formation mechanism for some Gohei twins is proposed in this paper.