N-type nanocrystalline titania is a promising material for use in semiconductor photoelectrochemical cells and, potentially, the solar generation of hydrogen. In this study, we examined the photochemical properties of titania nanotube arrays made by anodization of a starting Ti foil in a fluoride ion containing electrolyte. The absorption properties of the titania nanotube samples were investigated using diffuse reflectance ultraviolet (UV)-visible (vis) spectroscopy, with a broadening of the absorption spectra seen as a function of material phase, nanotube diameter, and Pd sensitization. The magnitude of the anodic photocurrent obtained from the polycrystalline nanotube samples, measured under band gap UV illumination, appeared to be significantly higher than that reported for any other form of nanocrystalline titania. A maximum photoconversion efficiency (UV light exposure at 365 nm, intensity 146 mW/cm2) of 4.8% was obtained for 22 nm diameter nanotubes annealed at 500 °C and coated with a discontinuous palladium layer of 10 nm average effective thickness.