At Pantnagar, India, linear response in maize to nitrogen application was observed up to 150 kg. of N/ha. with some of the most promising hybrids and composites released by the All India Co-ordinated Maize Improvement Programme. Increase in grain yield, and total nitrogen accumulation in grain, were substantially more in Ganga 2 than in the local cultivar or the composites, at higher rates of N application. In absolute terms, the local cultivar accumulated more nitrogen in its grain, but the relative amounts declined at higher rates of N application. Among the yield components influencing ultimate grain yield, barrenness exerted a negative influence on grain yield through the number of cobs per plot. Among cob characters, such as thousand grain weight and number of grains per cob, the former exerted a substantial influence on grain yield.