Water-splitting to form hydrogen was examined by using strontium titanate (SrTiO3) nanofibers as photocatalysts. SrTiO3 nanofibers were fabricated by hydrothermal treatment of amorphous titanium dioxide nanofibers, which were electrospun from the mixture of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), titanium(IV) butoxide, and acetylacetone. The hydrothermal treatment involved the reaction of amorphous TiO2 nanofiber template with strontium hydroxide octahydrate (Sr(OH)2·8H2O) for 20 hours at 120 ºC. The product was calcined to form crystalline SrTiO3 nanofibers, which were characterized via Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)/Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS) and tested their photocatalytic activities for the water splitting. The hydrogen production with the fabricated SrTiO3 nanofibers was found to be 6.1 μmol·h-1·g-1 catalyst, which is twice that of commercially available SrTiO3 nanoparticles (3.0 μmol·h-1·g-1 catalyst).