The purpose of this work is to study the relationship of energetic and physical properties of polymetric materials with ice adhesion, and to develop the material to prevent ice adhesion. From various parameters of water and ice, dispersion and hydrogen bond contribution of surface free energy of ice were calculated. Using these values and that of contact angle formed between Ice and polymer in the air and also in paraffin, work of adhesion W-πe and W were determined respectively. The difference W-(W-πe
) has made it possible to evaluate the effect of surface pressure n on ice adhesion. On the other hand, actual adhesive strength of ice was measured. Some correlations between theoretical and observed values were found. Further, visco-elastic properties of polymers below icing temperature and temperature dependence of strain in the ice/polymer system were investigated. The results showed some characteristics of polymers which are related to molecular mobility at lower temperature, are effective in reducing the adhesive strength to ice.
Numerous attempts were made to develop coating materials to prevent ice adhesion. A composite polymer composition, which has peculiar ingredients and structure, was proposed and found to provide the ability for the lowest ice adhesion. Ice preventive mechanism of the film was discussed.