Dietary texture has been reported to influence parasite establishment and survival, but to what degree this relationship is modified by either the type or quantity of dietary fibre is unknown. Using a 2×4 factorial design, we explored the relationship between fibre type (soluble = pectin vs insoluble = cellulose) and fibre quantity (0, 5, 10 and 20% by dry weight) on parasitic outcomes in BALB/c mice infected with 100 Heligmosomoides polygyrus (Nematoda) larvae. Pectin, but not cellulose, exerted a significant effect on parasite egg production. Following in vitro culture of female worms, increasing levels of dietary pectin were associated with increasing release of eggs. Yet this pattern was not observed in vivo, where per capita egg production peaked at the 10% pectin concentration, but was very low in mice fed 20% pectin. Parasite establishment was elevated in mice fed 20% pectin, but was unaffected by cellulose concentration. Neither type nor quantity of fibre affected H. polygyrus survival or spatial distribution along the gastrointestinal tract. To what degree differences in parasite establishment and reproduction could be attributed to the marked effects of pectin on gut morphology (increased intestinal length, villus length, mucosa thickness and villus/crypt ratio) requires further exploration. Our data indicate that cellulose is preferable to pectin as the source of fibre for experimental diets as cellulose did not affect H. polygyrus establishment, reproduction or survival during a 4-week primary infection.