Neurones located in cervical segments (C6/C7) of the spinal cord were investigated electrophysiologically in cats deeply anaesthetized with α-chloralose. Extracellular recordings of antidromic action potentials were performed in order to establish whether long descending propriospinal neurones projecting to sacral segments could have collateral axonal branches ascending to supraspinal centres. The effects of stimulation of the lateral reticular nucleus (LRN) and the inferior cerebellar peduncle (restiform body, RB), as well as the thirteenth thoracic (Th13) and sacral (S1/S2) segments of the spinal cord were tested in 93 cells. Two main groups of cells were identified: 54 % of the total sample were classified as purely propriospinal and 46 % as bidirectional neurones. Various patterns of projections, as well as the ipsi-, contra- or bilateral courses of axons in the lateral funiculi of the spinal cord, enabled several types of neurones to be distinguished within the above groups. Comparison between particular types showed no significant difference with respect to location in the grey matter (predominantly Rexed's laminae VII-VIII) and the conduction velocities of descending axons. However, the mean axonal conduction velocities of branches ascending to LRN and/or RB were significantly lower in comparison to those measured for spinal collaterals. The hypothetical function of the neurones examined is discussed. Since the same information can be conveyed simultaneously by these branching neurones to lower spinal segments and supraspinal centres, an integrative role in the system of motor control is suggested.