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To describe two cases of profound hearing loss secondary to enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli infection, and to report the efficacy of subsequent cochlear implantation.
The first case was a four-year-old girl admitted to hospital with Escherichia coli O157 infection and haemolytic uraemic syndrome. Mild hearing loss was confirmed five months after discharge, progressing to profound loss three months later. At the age of seven years, she underwent cochlear implantation, with remarkable improvement in speech perception and production. The second case was a three-year-old boy admitted with haemolytic uraemic syndrome caused by Escherichia coli O111 infection. One year after disease onset, profound hearing loss was confirmed. Cochlear implantation at the age of five years produced significant recovery of auditory function.
This study represents the first published report of secondary hearing loss after recovery from haemolytic uraemic syndrome caused by enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli. It indicates that cochlear implantation can restore hearing function in such patients.
To illustrate the morphological characteristics and pathological significance of arachnoid cysts confined to the internal auditory canal or facial nerve canal.
Retrospective case series.
Three patients' cases were reviewed, and temporal bone sections examined histologically.
In this series, three intracanalicular arachnoid cysts were found in the internal auditory canal and one in the facial nerve canal. All lesions consisted of distinct, space-occupying cysts with a sharp boundary with surrounding tissues. They were thin-walled and compressed the surrounding nerve trunks to a variable degree. However, there was no indication that patients suffered meatal nerve dysfunction.
Arachnoid cysts can develop within the internal auditory canal or facial nerve canal. In our series, they were asymptomatic, which is quite different from most intracanalicular arachnoid cysts encountered in clinical practice.
Upon direct inspection of surgically removed ossicles from the ears of patients with long-term post-mastoidectomy cavity problems, the extent of malleus destruction often appears greater in patients with a longer duration of cavity problems, whereas the extent of incus destruction does not appear to correlate with the duration of cavity problems. This study aimed to investigate this impression.
Materials and methods:
As a result of total middle-ear reconstruction, 41 ossicles (21 malleus and 20 incus bones) were obtained from 31 patients with post-mastoidectomy cavity problems. The ossicles were examined histopathologically, and the proportion of lamellar bone area to total bone area (expressed as percentage lamellar bone) was measured. We also calculated the inter-operation time, i.e. the time period between the previous mastoidectomy and the recent total middle-ear reconstruction; this parameter was used as an approximate measure of the duration of the patient's cavity problem. Correlations between percentage lamellar bone and inter-operation time were calculated for the two ossicles.
The range of inter-operation times was seven to 65 years. We observed a correlation between percentage lamellar bone and inter-operation time for malleus bones (r = −0.512, p < 0.05), but not for incus bones.
These results were in agreement with our pre-study impressions.
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