1963: Ahmed Ben Bella becomes president following independence from France.
1965: Houari Boumediene overthrows Ahmed Ben Bella and becomes president.
1978: Boumediene dies and Chadhli Bendjedid becomes president in early 1979. He remains in office until 1992.
The Islamic Salvation Front wins electoral victories in the general election.
The military pressures President Bendjedid to resign, a state of emergency is declared, and the Islamic Salvation Front is forced to dissolve.
A military council assumes authority.
An insurgency begins, and fighting continues throughout the 1990s.
1994: Liamine Zeroual is elected president.
1999: 'Abd al-'Aziz Bouteflika is elected president.
2011: Small uprisings take place in Algeria in response to the large uprisings taking place in Tunisia, Egypt, Syria and elsewhere in the Arab world.
2014: Bouteflika becomes president for a fourth term at age 77 with 81 percent of the vote.
1948: War between the new state of Israel and Arab nations (Egypt, Jordan, Syria, and Iraq).
Egyptian Free Officers, led by Gamal 'Abd al-Nasser, overthrow the monarchy.
Muhammad Neguib serves as the first president.
1954: 'Abd al-Nasser puts Muhammad Neguib under house arrest and takes over as president.
1956: 'Abd al-Nasser nationalizes the Suez Canal. Britain, France, and Israel invade Egypt. The United States and the Soviet Union intervene, and a ceasefire is signed.
1958: Syria and Egypt form a union called the United Arab Republic.
1961: The United Arab Republic dissolves when Syria withdraws from the Union.
1962: Egypt intervenes in the Yemeni Civil War to support the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (South Yemen).
1967: Israel defeats Egypt, Jordan, and Syria in the Six-Day War. Israel occupies Egypt's Sinai Peninsula.
1970: 'Abd al-Nasser dies; Anwar al-Sadat becomes president.
1973: Syria and Egypt declare war on Israel. Egypt uses the war to begin negotiations for a peace treaty and a return of the Sinai Peninsula.
1979: Sadat signs a peace treaty with Israel at Camp David.
1981: Sadat assassinated by Islamists. Hosni Mubarak becomes president.