This paper describes the grain formation in very low temperature polycrystalline silicon (poly-Si) growth on SiO2. The silicon films were deposited by electron cyclotron resonance chemical vapor deposition with hydrogen dilution at 250°C and without any thermal annealing. The largest grain sizes observed in the poly-Si film is about 1 μm. The grains have a leaf-like shape as observed in plan-view transmission electron microscopy. The grain morphologies were determined by cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. Raman scattering spectrum was used to determine the crystalline fraction. X-ray diffraction patterns were used to study the film crystallinity. A simple model of grain formation is proposed.