This work describes the effect of the hydrolysis time and pressure (0·1–400 MPa) on the proteolysis of β-lactoglobulin A (β-lg A) with trypsin, either conducting hydrolysis of β-lg under pressure or hydrolysing β-lg that was previously pressure treated. Pressurisation, before or during enzyme treatments, enhanced tryptic hydrolysis of β-lg. Trypsin degraded pressure-modified β-lg and pressure-induced β-lg aggregates, favouring proteolysis to the intermediate degradation products: (Val15-Arg40), (Val41-Lys69)S-S(Leu149-Ile162) and (Val41-Lys70)S-S(Leu149-Ile162). These were further cleaved at the later stages of proteolysis to yield: (Val15-Tyr20), (Ser21-Arg40), (Val41-Tyr60), (Trp61-Lys69)S-S(Leu149-Ile162) and (Trp61-Lys70)S-S(Leu149-Ile162). Particularly, in the tryptic hydrolysates of pre-pressurized β-lg, two other fragments linked by disulphide bonds: (Lys101-Arg124)S-S(Leu149-Ile162) and (Tyr102-Arg124)S-S(Leu149-Ile162), were found. These corresponded to rearrangement products induced by SH/SS exchange between the free thiol group of Cys121 and Cys160, that normally forms the disulphide bond Cys66-Cys160. In the light of these results, structural modifications of β-lg under high pressure are discussed.