In this work, the correlation between magnetic-domain structure and microstructure in combined reaction-processed equiatomic L10 FePd has been investigated using magnetic force microscopy. The microstructure consisted of approximately equiaxed grains with an average grain size of ∼1 μm and a grain size distribution ranging from below the theoretical critical domain size (Dcrit∼0.2–0.3 μm) up to approximately 5 μm in diameter. The domain structure was characterized as “mixed” in nature, consisting of smaller single-domain grains, larger multidomain grains, and a larger scale interaction domain structure encompassing many grains. The domain boundaries separating interaction domains tended to lie along grain boundaries, and it is proposed that the observed interaction domains should be considered in descriptions of the magnetization and magnetization reversal behavior of this material. In particular, pinning of interaction domain walls by intragranular features of the microstructure such as grain boundaries and single-domain grains could play a role in the measured coercivities.