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How are relationships between corporate clients and law firms evolving? Drawing on interview and survey data from 166 chief legal officers of S&P 500 companies from 2006–2007, we find that—contrary to standard depictions of corporate client-provider relationships—(1) large companies have relationships with ten to twenty preferred providers; (2) these relationships continue to be enduring; and (3) clients focus not only on law firm platforms and lead partners, but also on teams and departments within preferred providers, allocating work to these subunits at rival firms over time and following “star” lawyers, especially if they move as part of a team. The combination of long-term relationships and subunit rivalry provides law firms with steady work flows and allows companies to keep cost pressure on firms while preserving relationship-specific capital, quality assurance, and soft forms of legal capacity insurance. Our findings have implications for law firms, corporate departments, and law schools.
This volume of new essays is based on a conference with the same title held at the University of Exeter in 2005. All those speaking on that occasion have written chapters in this volume, along with Riccardo Chiaradonna whose chapter has been specially prepared for the volume. The aim of this volume, like the conference on which it is based, is to contribute to the upsurge of new research on Galen by focusing on a topic that bridges the interests of specialists in ancient medical history and Classicists and philosophers more generally. The conference also represents the convergence of two current focuses of research in the Department of Classics and Ancient History at Exeter, on ancient medicine especially Galen and on Hellenistic and Imperial Greek culture more generally.
We would like to acknowledge the support for the funding of the conference provided by the British Academy, the Classical Association, the Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies and the University of Exeter. We wish to thank most warmly all the contributors to the volume for their illuminating essays, and also the other participants at the conference whose comments helped to inform the final version of the papers. We are grateful to Michael Sharp, Classics Editor for Cambridge University Press, and the general editors of the series in which the volume appears, for their support and guidance.
The recent discovery of Galen's treatise On the Avoidance of Grief in a monastery in Thessaloniki provides a vivid picture of his intellectual life in Rome. Writing in the familiar ancient genre of the consolation, in the manner of Cicero, Seneca or Plutarch, Galen responds to the letters from an unnamed friend who admired his fortitude. Galen had managed to refrain from grief in the face of disaster, first an epidemic of plague among his slaves, and then the destruction of his books, drug supplies and medical instruments in the terrible fire that swept through the Temple of Peace and nearby buildings close to the Palatine hill in Rome in AD 192. With much topographical detail, Galen gives a clear description of the Temple of Peace district and the libraries and storehouses built around the Via Sacra, and his attempts to move valuable items he had at home into store for safe-keeping while he went on a trip to Campania. Disastrously, fire struck and he lost more cinnamon than the merchants could replace, a number of medical instruments, in particular wax moulds for special instruments he was about to commission from the metalworkers, and many books. The books included classic works by Theophrastus, Aristotle and Chrysippus, many of them annotated by Galen, with errors in punctuation and other anomalies removed.
Galen is the most important medical writer in Graeco-Roman antiquity, and also extremely valuable for understanding Graeco-Roman thought and society in the second century AD. This volume of essays locates him firmly in the intellectual life of his period, and thus aims to make better sense of the medical and philosophical 'world of knowledge' that he tries to create. How did Galen present himself as a reader and an author in comparison with other intellectuals of his day? Above all, how did he fashion himself as a medical practitioner, and how does that self-fashioning relate to the performance culture of second-century Rome? Did he see medicine as taking over some of the traditional roles of philosophy? These and other questions are freshly addressed by leading international experts on Galen and the intellectual life of the period, in a stimulating collection that combines learning with accessibility.
This study concerns navigation in a geographical sense and in the sense of the reader finding a way through a complex text with the help of points of reference. Recent studies in Athenaeus have suggested that he was a more sophisticated writer than the second-hand compiler of Hellenistic comment on classical Greek authors, which has been a dominant view. Building on these studies, this article argues that Athenaeus' approach to his history of ancient dining draws on traditional poetic links between the symposium and the sea, and expands such metaphors with a major interest in place and provenance, which also belongs to the literature of the symposium. Provenance at the same time evokes a theme of imperial thought, that Rome can attract to herself all the good things of the earth that are now under her sway. Good things include foods and the literary heritage of Greece now housed in imperial libraries. Athenaeus deploys themes of navigation ambiguously, to celebrate diversity and to warn against the dangers of luxury. Notorious examples of luxury are presented – the Sybarites and Capuans, for example – but there seem to be oblique warnings to Rome as well. Much clearer censure is reserved for the gastronomic poem of Archestratus of Gela, which surveys the best cities in which to eat certain fish. The Deipnosophists deplore the immorality of the poet and his radical rewriting of their key authors Homer and Plato, while at the same time quoting him extensively for the range of his reference to geography and fish. This commentary on Archestratus is a good example of the Deipnosophists' guidance to the reader, Roman or otherwise, who wishes to ‘navigate’ the complicated history of the Greek deipnon and symposium.