Greenhouse studies were conducted to determine host status of weed species for Rhizoctonia solani AG-1, which causes Rhizoctonia foliar blight of soybean. Weed species were barnyardgrass, broadleaf signalgrass, common cocklebur, entireleaf morningglory, hemp sesbania, itchgrass, johnsongrass, large crabgrass, northern jointvetch, prickly sida, purple nutsedge, redweed, sicklepod, and smooth pigweed. Seedling weeds were inoculated with suspensions containing intraspecific group IA and IB isolates of the fungus. In the first study, sclerotia of IA were recovered from tissue of all weeds except smooth pigweed, and mycelia of IA were recovered from all except smooth pigweed and redweed. In that study, neither microsclerotia nor mycelia of IB were recovered from sicklepod, barnyardgrass, or large crabgrass, and only microsclerotia were recovered from itchgrass and purple nutsedge. In the second study, sclerotia of IA, microsclerotia of IB, and mycelia of each isolate were recovered from all weed species. In other studies, R. solani spread from at least six of seven weed species to a noninfected soybean plant growing in close proximity. These studies emphasize the importance of weed control, not only for reducing plant competition and increasing yield, but also for the potential impact on development of RFB.