The following is a brief account of the principal points of interest resulting from the survey lately made to find a suitable route for a cable to be laid from Bermuda to Turk's Islands and from thence to Jamaica.
As engineers to the Direct West India Cable Co., my firm, Messrs Clark, Forde, & Taylor, strongly advised that a more than usually complete set of soundings should be taken along the route over which it was proposed that the cable should be laid, our principal reason being that, as the Bermuda group has been raised almost vertically from the bed of the Atlantic by volcanic action, it was impossible, with the limited information available, to say whether similar action might not have taken place elsewhere on the proposed route for the new cable.
The task of carrying out this survey was undertaken by the Telegraph Construction and Maintenance Co. with their s.s. ‘Britannia,’ which was fitted up with all necessary apparatus, and was also well adapted for the work.
Sounding operations were commenced off Grand Turk Island on the 4th November 1897, and completed on the 2nd December following at Bermuda, during which time 182 soundings were taken, apart from the profile soundings taken off Grand Turk. The laying of the cable was commenced at Bermuda on the 5th January 1898, and completed on the 18th of the same month.
As a result of this work the following suggest themselves as points worthy of notice:—
(1) The even slope of the ground from the neighbourhood of Bermuda to the deepest water found in Lat. 24° 50′ N., no indication being discovered of any upheaval similar to that which has produced the Bermudas with their adjoining shoals.