Deinstitutionalisation is a two-part process: the first involves discharging patients from hospital to the community, which has been done in many countries. The second part—the provision of adequate resources for good community care—has still to materialise almost everywhere. In New South Wales, the inpatient mental hospital population dropped by two-thirds in 20 years, yet the total number of hospital staff increased considerably during this time; on the other hand, in the community, where most of the patients are, there are relatively few staff. This has important consequences: it means that for many patients, their episode of illness has to progress unchecked until it is of sufficient severity for them to be admitted to hospital. When that happens, there will then be enough staff to give them good quality care, so that their symptoms can subside, but afterwards there will again be hardly anyone available to help maintain them and to prevent relapse.