Powder X-ray diffraction data are reported for La0.6Sr0.4Co1−yFeyO3 (y=0.1, 0.25, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0). The powders were prepared by thermal decomposition of metal-containing complex solutions. All compositions have rhombohedral unit cells. In hexagonal setting, the cell parameters are a=5.4388 Å, c=13.2355 Å for y=0.1; a=5.4427 Å, c=13.2542 Å for y=0.25; a=5.4530 Å, c=13.2838 Å for y=0.4; a=5.4769 Å, c=13.3175 Å for y=0.6; a=5.5057 Å, c=13.3918 Å for y=0.8; and a=5.5278 Å, c=13.4368 Å for y=1.0. The space group is probably R3c (167) for all compositions. The observed trends in the change of the pseudocubic cell parameter ac with increasing iron content can be explained in terms of substitution of Co4+ by Fe4+ when y<0.4, and substitution of Co3+ by Fe3+ when y≳0.4.