Little is known about the effectiveness of psychoeducational support groups on positive adaptation in parents and families after a child has been diagnosed with cerebral palsy. A systematic literature review adopting the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines was conducted to gain an understanding of the process of adaptation in parents with a child with cerebral palsy and the effects psychoeducational support programs have on this process. The databases searched were psychINFO, Taylor and Francis Online, PsychARTICLES, Medline and ProQuest. A total of 1083 papers were found and 19 of those papers were analysed. A narrative approach was used to synthesise the data extracted. A number of factors that influence adaption within a family after the diagnosis of cerebral palsy in a family member were identified in the review. These factors include, but are not limited to, providing appropriate and relevant information to parents and families, identifying community services and resources available to the family, assisting in the reduction of psychosocial distress, and encouraging the facilitation and collaboration of a strong parent-professional partnership throughout the process. Based on this information guidelines for psychoeducation programs for this client group were proposed.