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The two goals of our study were to (1) identify which of five types of social support (Informational, Esteem, Emotional, Tangible, Belonging) are most cited by hospice nurses and family caregivers and (2) determine the match in perception of support needs.
As part of a larger multiphase project, focus groups were conducted with former family caregivers and hospice nurses to discuss their experiences of home hospice care and to gather their opinions on the important issues involved in that care. Transcripts of focus group discussions were coded for support type (Informational, Esteem, Emotional, Tangible, Belonging) based on definitions from the literature. Nurse and caregiver data were compared to assess for potential match.
Analysis of coded data suggested that nurses see different types of support to be needed in equal measure across their caseloads, while caregivers expressed priorities for some types of support. Illustrative examples of each type of support are provided and discussed.
Significance of Results:
Because matching support provided with the type of support desired has been linked to improved physical and psychological outcomes, it is important to focus on this match in healthcare populations particularly vulnerable to psychological stress, including family caregivers of home hospice patients. This research has implications for interventions to match support provision to caregiver needs, or for education for home hospice providers to ensure that they are not only sensitive to the possibility of a broad range of needs but also to the necessity to tailor care to those needs.
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