Nano/mesoporous carbon was prepared from pine wood sawdust via the pretreatment of acid and hydrothermal process, followed by potassium hydroxide (KOH) activation. This study proposed the enhancement of activated carbon (AC) adsorption capacity by utilizing the vacant sites and phenomena of opposite charge attraction via multilayer adsorption of Cr(VI) ions and dyes with positive and negative charges. On the first layer, the maximum adsorption capacities for Cr(VI) ions, methylene blue (MB) molecules, and acid red 18 (AR18) molecules onto AC were found to be 7.91 mg/g, 476.19 mg/g, and 434.78 mg/g, respectively. For multiple adsorption, after Cr(VI) ions uptake saturation, the sequential adsorption of MB and AR18 on the second layer, the maximum adsorption capacity, reached 322.58 mg/g and 333.33 mg/g. After MB and AR18 uptake saturation, the maximum Cr(VI) adsorption capacity reached 2.92 mg/g and 4.39 mg/g.