The paper deals with the problems of mechanical properties of structural steels used for load-carrying structures of civil engineering constructions. The attention is mainly paid to the values of yield strength from the viewpoint of the design concept of European Standards, i.e. Eurocode 3 for the design of steel structures, with respect to the structural reliability given by the failure probability. In the case of other materials, concrete or timber for example, characteristic and design values of strength given by the corresponding failure probability are used in the design procedures, where the partial safety factor of material is γ
M > 1.0. However, in the case of steel, the nominal values instead of characteristic values of steel yield strength are utilized in the structural design procedure, with the partial safety factor for material of γ
M = 1.0. These values have been derived based on the statistical and probabilistic evaluation of the data sets of actual material properties obtained from various recent steel producers. The paper presents the brief information on the results of the study oriented to the influence of the nominal or characteristic value of yield strength on the design resistance, which is shown on the examples of the member subjected to tension and bending moment, respectively. The influence mentioned is shown using the examples of structural steels used in constructions of the age of about 40 and 100 years.