A family of electrically conductive polymers based on 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT) and its derivatives will be discussed as electrochromic and redox electroactive materials. Poly(alkylethylenedioxythiophenes), derivatized with octyl and tetradecyl pendant chains, exhibit significantly faster redox switching characteristics than the unsubstituted parent polymer. Bis(2-(3,4-ethylenedioxy)thienyl)arylene (BEDOT-Ar) and vinylene monomers electropolymerize at low potentials avoiding degradative side reactions. We outline the properties of EDOT polymers which exhibit low band gaps allowing for the formation of conductive complexes with a high degree of visible light transmission and show their electrochromic properties. The BEDOT-vinylene polymer, for example, has a band gap of 1.4 eV. A relatively high degree of electrochromic contrast is found at 600 nm as the polymers switch between insulating deep purple absorptive and conductive light blue states. Solid-state dual polymer electrochromic devices have been constructed using a combination of complementary anodically and cathodically coloring polymers based on the EDOT core.