Connexins oligomerize into hemichannels, traffic to the cell surface and dock with hemichannels from an adjacent cell to form intercellular gap junction channels. Pulsechase studies have revealed that connexins are subject to a short half-life ranging from 1- 5 hrs. To examine the mechanisms involved in connexin trafficking, gap junction assembly and internalization in living cells we fused green fluorescent protein (GFP) to the amino or carboxyl terminus of full length connexins (Cx). When cDNA encoding Cx43-GFP was transfected into communication-competent NRK cells, Cx43-negative MDCK cells, or communication-deficient Neuro2A or HeLa cells, the fusion protein of predicted length was expressed, transported, and assembled into functional gap junctions (Figure 1). Most notably, the fusion of GFP to the amino terminal of Cx43 (GFP-Cx43) or Cx32 (GFP-Cx32) did not inhibit the co-translational insertion of these polytopic type IV connexins into the membrane and as a result gap junction plaques assembled at cellcell interfaces.