To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
This chapter discusses the diagnosis, evaluation and management of massive hemoptysis. Worldwide, tuberculosis (TB) is the most common cause of massive hemoptysis. In the United States, patients frequently have a history of pulmonary disease and/or smoking, cancer, prior hemoptysis, immunosuppression, cardiac disease, or coagulopathy/anticoagulant use. Patients may present with a sentinel bleed, with only a small amount of initial hemoptysis. The clinical course of these patients is difficult to predict, as small amounts of hemoptysis may suddenly become massive. Patients may present to the ED in extremis with active hemorrhage and respiratory failure. If the patient does not have active bleeding and is stable enough to go to radiology, chest CT may assist finding the etiology of hemoptysis. Bronchiectasis, lung abscess, pulmonary artery aneurysm, pulmonary embolism, and mass lesions are all abnormalities that can be identified by chest CT.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.