In a long-awaited judgment, the German Constitutional Court in 2013 upheld the constitutionality of the 2009 German law authorizing the negotiation of criminal judgments between the court and the parties. The German version of plea bargaining, which had grown from the grassroots of criminal law practice, was later accepted by the Federal Court of Justice and written into § 257c of the Code of Criminal Procedure (StPO) in 2009. In light of these developments, a verdict of unconstitutionality by the Federal Constitutional Court was the final hope of those who opposed the replacement of the search for truth with a system of negotiation. The Court deflated these hopes, but at the same time refrained from giving an unconditional stamp of approval to the burgeoning practice of negotiating judgments. The Court attempted to rein in that practice by giving the statute a literal reading, emphasizing the limitations it places on negotiations, and strictly prohibiting any consensual disposition outside the statutory framework.