Nanometric particles of titania, exhibiting anatase, brookite or rutile polymorphs, were synthesized by thermohydrolysis of TiCl4 in aqueous medium. The adjustement of physico-chemical parameters (acidity, ionic strength, anions, temperature) allows to tune the crystalline structure, the size and the morphology of the particles. Brookite results from the precipitation of titanium in HCl, HBr or HNO3 whereas anatase is formed in H2SO4 medium. Adding salts in HCl medium leads to ionic strength or complexation effect. Varying the temperature of thermohydrolysis implies modification on yield, size and morphology of the particles.