The symptoms and signs associated with all stages of a temporal lobe seizure may be helpful in determining both the localization and lateralization of seizure onset. Auras, when present, may be very suggestive of temporal lobe onset and may further localize to a mesiobasal or lateral temporal lobe site of onset. During the ictus, automatisms and motor phenomena may be highly indicative of temporal lobe seizure activity and may even help lateralize the discharge. In the post-ictal period, motor paresis and aphasia are helpful in lateralization. Video E.E.G. data has provided extensive information on the utility of ictal symptomatology in seizure localization. Thus, the seizure semiology provides important adjunctive information in evaluating patients for epilepsy surgery and should be concordant with information obtained from ictal EEG, neuroimaging and neuropsychology.