Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) have received intensive attentions owing to the abundant and inexpensive sodium (Na) resource. Layered vanadium oxides are featured with various valence states and corresponding compounds, and through multi-electron reaction they are capable to deliver high Na storage capacity. The rational construction of unique structures is verified to improve their Na storage properties. This perspective provides an overview of recent advances in layered vanadium oxide for SIBs, with a particular focus on construction of novel nanostructures, and mechanism studies via in situ characterization. Finally, we predict possible breakthroughs and future trends that lie ahead for high-performance layered vanadium oxides SIBs cathode.