GaAs epitaxial layers were successfully grown on Si/Sapphire substrates using Molecular Beam Epitaxy(MBE). Residual compressive strain was found in GaAs films on Si/Sapphire. By Photoluminescence, the magnitude of residual strain in GaAs on Si/Sapphire was estimated to be 5×10-4 which is about one order smaller than that of GaAs on Si.
As an effort to achieve further reduction in the residual strain, Indium- doped GaAs films were used as buffer layers in order to compensate compressive thermal strain by tensile misfit strain in the GaAs layer. Using this method, strain- free GaAs layers could be grown with thickness up to 0.4 μm on Si/Sapphire.