The oxidative metabolism of Gastrothylax crumenifer mitochondrial fractions was assayed polarographically at 30°C in the presence of various substrates. Succinate was most readily oxidized, malate and pyruvate were oxidized at subsantially lower retes. The spcific inhibitors such as malonate, KCN, NaN3, oxaloacetate, salicylhydroxamic acid and oligomycin effectively affected the mitochondrial oxygen consumption. The results indicate the presence of oxidative phosphorylation and cytochrome systems. Mitochondrial ATPase was found to be active.