A statistically sound procedure for the unambiguous identification of the underlying Bravais lattice of an image of a 2D periodic array of objects is described. Our Bravais lattice detection procedure is independent of which type of microscope has been utilized for the recording of the image data. It is particularly useful for the correction of Scanning Tunneling Microscope (STM) images that suffer from a blunt scanning probe tip artifact, i.e. simultaneously recording multiple mini-tips. The unambiguous detection of the type of translation symmetry presents a first step towards making objective decisions about which plane symmetry a 2D periodic image is best modeled by. Such decisions are important for the application of Crystallographic Image Processing (CIP) techniques to images from Scanning Probe Microscopes (SPMs).