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This paper looks at adapting the method of Medvedev and Scaillet for pricing short-term American options to evaluate short-term convertible bonds. However unlike their method, we provide explicit formulae for the coefficients of our series solution. This means that we do not need to solve complicated recursive systems, and can efficiently provide fast solutions. We also compare the method with numerical solutions, and find that it performs extremely well, giving accurate bond prices as well as accurate optimal conversion prices.
We study the numerical Adomian decomposition method for the pricing of European options under the well-known Black–Scholes model. However, because of the nondifferentiability of the pay-off function for such options, applying the Adomian decomposition method to the Black–Scholes model is not straightforward. Previous works on this assume that the pay-off function is differentiable or is approximated by a continuous estimation. Upon showing that these approximations lead to incorrect results, we provide a proper approach, in which the singular point is relocated to infinity through a coordinate transformation. Further, we show that our technique can be extended to pricing digital options and European options under the Vasicek interest rate model, in both of which the pay-off functions are singular. Numerical results show that our approach overcomes the difficulty of directly dealing with the singularity within the Adomian decomposition method and gives very accurate results.
British put options are financial derivatives with an early exercise feature whereby on payoff, the holder receives the best prediction of the European put payoff under the hypothesis that the true drift of the stock price is equal to a contract drift. In this paper, we derive simple analytic approximations for the optimal exercise boundary and the option valuation, valid for short expiry times – which is a common feature of most options traded in the market. Empirical results show that the approximations provide accurate results for expiries of at least up to two months.
It is generally believed that in order to solve initial value problems using Lie symmetry methods, the initial condition needs to be left invariant by the infinitesimal symmetry generator that admits the invariant solution. This is not so. In this paper we incorporate the imposed initial value as a side condition to find ‘infinitesimals’ from which solutions satisfying the initial value can be recovered, along with the corresponding symmetry generator.
We relate Kaptsov's method of B-determining equations for finding invariant solutions of
PDEs to the nonclassical method and to the method of generalised conditional symmetries.
An extension of Kaptsov's method is then used to find new solutions of degenerate diffusion
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