If α and β are ordinals, α ≤ β, and β ≰ α then α+ 1 < β. The first result of this paper shows that the restriction of this statement to countable well orderings is provably equivalent to ACA0
, a subsystem of second order arithmetic introduced by Friedman. The proof of the equivalence is reminiscent of Dekker's construction of a hypersimple set. An application of the theorem yields the equivalence of the set comprehension scheme ACA0
and an arithmetical transfinite induction scheme.