It is known that porous organosilicate glass (OSG) dielectrics tend to lose functional groups and become denser upon the chemical and physical action of the plasmas, but an accurate analysis and estimation of the depth and degree of film densification is not straightforward. In this study, we show that the combination of techniques like x-ray reflectivity, surface acoustic waves, and nanoindentation in depth-sensing and modulus mapping mode allow a complete and self-consistent physical analysis of the damage induced by the direct exposure of porous OSG films to different plasma ambients in reactive ion etching mode. We demonstrate for the chosen dielectric that the characteristics of the damage regions such as density and elastic modulus are very similar regardless of the reducing or oxidizing nature of the plasma. Nevertheless, the physical depth of the damage region shows large variation. Capabilities and limitations of each of the chosen analysis techniques are also discussed.