The high resolution Bitter Pattern technique has been used to reveal the structure of the array of flux lines which is present when single crystal samples of the high Tc superconductor YBa2Cu3O7 are placed in a magnetic field. At 4.2K with the magnetic field parallel to the c axis, the patterns formed are strongly reminiscent of the analogous structures in ordinary type II superconductors. The structures typically consist of flux spots with short range hexagonal correlations. We interpret the patterns to consist of singly quantized vortices. Very uniform patterns are observed in thin, flat samples cooled in a constant field. Sampling the spot density yields a vortex density consistent with a flux quantum of hc/2e.
Experiments at 77K, the only other temperature studied, showed no spatially varying magnetic structure. Recent mechanical measurements which are sensitive to the bulk modulus and dissipation within the vortex lattice show evidence for a mobility transition near 75K, which would be consistent with this observation. We believe this stems from materials properties rather than some more fundamental property of the new superconductors.